This is Part II in our Cellos and Animals series. Part I about some of cellists’ best friends—dogs—is here.
Sometime last year, I put out a call for cello-lovers to send me their pet photos, anecdotes, and videos. Our Cello Museum family overwhelmed us with lovely photos of their pets. Stacey Krim, Curator of Manuscripts & Cello Music at the University of North Carolina at Greensboro, also found us some amazing materials. We found additional photos and videos in the news and social media posts.
This second installment in the series is for the birds. You may have seen Google’s experimental virtual bird cellist, named Viola. Perhaps you think of “The Swan” or “Song of the Birds” when you think of cellos and birds in combination, but this article focuses on interactions between actual avians and cellists. In the first part of this series, we saw some dogs like to “perform” with the cello but mostly they keep the cellists company while enjoying the music. However, as vocalists of the natural world, birds seem keen to interact with the sounds of the cello.
The Cello and the Nightingales
Perhaps the most famous interaction between a cellist and birds is that of cellist Beatrice Harrison (9 December 1892 – 10 March 1965) and the nightingales. One evening, she was playing her cello in the garden, and a nightingale answered her, echoing the notes of her cello. The bird was responding to what she was playing rather than just singing in the background; they were playing a duet.
Harrison was so thrilled by this musical collaboration with the nightingale that she contacted the BBC about sharing this unique interspecies duet live using the new technology of the wireless (radio). Beginning in 1924, the BBC gave a live broadcast of Harrison playing outdoors with nightingales. These spring broadcasts became so famous that Harrison received 50,000 letters in response to this remarkable ensemble.
These broadcasts of the “Cello and the Nightingales” were a well-loved spring tradition until May 1942, when the live recording coincided with a bombing raid. In the background of the cello and birdsong, one could hear the bombers flying overheard on the way to Germany. The BBC pulled the plug on the live broadcast, fearing that the sound of the bombers overhead would alert the Germans. Fortunately, the sound engineers kept recording, even though they cut the transmission.
Cellist Continuing the Cello and the Nightingales Tradition
Cellist Clare Deniz continues Harrison’s tradition of playing with the nightingales, but not in the same location as the nightingales are no longer in the same area. Deniz has performed with the nightingales on radio and TV and made this recording with the nightingales in Gloucestershire.
For those who double the veracity of Harrison’s nightingale interactions, one only has to listen to Deniz’s recording to realize that such recordings are possible. Here is Deniz’s cello and nightingale duet performance of the Londonderry Air:
Playing for Parrots
Nightingales are not the only birds who enjoy cello music. Here are a couple of examples of parrots and cellos. In this first example, the title claims the Sulphur-crested Cockatoo is dancing with the music. My guess is that this parrot has better dance moves than these and is instead just balancing on the cellist as she plays. Can you imagine having a large bird on your right shoulder while bowing? While this bird is not singing along with the Bach, it seems to be genuinely enjoying the music.
Performing for Penguins
Following the previous bird encounter on a trip to the zoo, we have a more epic journey to Antarctica. Cellist Elisa Kohanski loves to travel, and when she
“visited her 7th continent, Antarctica, [she] performed . . . [for]. . . an audience of people and penguins, who seemed to enjoy it!” – Elisa Kohanski
In her blog, you can read about her adventures and see her beautiful photos from the trip. You can hear her play Bach in Antarctica in the video below. She wrote of this experience:
I played to the ocean and to the penguins and for the people who made this possible for me! . . . It was certainly the most authentically beautiful and remote concert hall I’ll ever play in. Hopefully, it’s the coldest performance I’ll ever have to experience… It is difficult to play well with frozen fingers! What better and more inspiring place to make music than in the most magical and mystical location on earth where before your eyes nature performs its wonders. – Elisa Kohanski
Improvising with the Song of a Japanese Bush Warbler
Eugene Friesen, a composer, Grammy-award-winning cellist, and author of Improvisation for Classical Musicians: Strategies for Creativity and Expression, incorporates sounds from nature in his music. Rather than playing with the birds in their habitats or the zoo, Friesen works with recorded songs of birds and other animals. In this example, he pairs his own improvisation with the sound of a Japanese bush warbler.
Yo-Yo Ma and the Birdsong Project
An inspiring bird conservation project brings together the National Audubon Society and over 200 world-class artists to record original songs and poems inspired by and in support of birds.
During the hush of the pandemic, Randall Poster, a musical supervisor for filmmakers, became aware of the birds in New York City. In a conversation with his colleague and conservationist, Rebecca Reagan, he learned that she
“had the big idea to create a collection of new pieces of music built around birdsong, with the notion that if artists created pieces of music inspired by birdsong, we could draw attention to a crisis by celebrating the beauty of birdsong.” – Randall Poster, For the Birds: The Birdsong Project website
“Talking to friends, I came to better understand the profound threat to birdlife. Disappearing habitats, climate change and some broadly inhospitable activities have decimated bird populations, pushing hundreds of species to the brink of extinction.” – Randall Poster, For the Birds: The Birdsong Project website
The Birdsong Project grew from this pandemic idea and now involves the Audubon Society and some of the greatest artists of our time, including Yo-Yo Ma. Here is Yo-Yo Ma’s official Birdsong video, performing Grammy-nominated English composer Anna Clyne’s work, “In the Gale,” accompanied by birds. This work is in For the Birds, Volume II.
Get the 20-LP Birdsong Project box set and products to support the cause.
Learn more about the project in this NPR interview of Randall Poster by Bob Boilen in “All Songs Considered”:
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This article is dedicated to my father, Dr. George Neece, an avid bird and wildflower photographer committed to sharing his passion for birds with the world. In his “retirement,” he has created multiple exhibits of his gorgeous more-than-life-sized photographic prints of birds (that he prints himself!) and has donated his time and prints to support educating the public, especially young people, about birds. Dad, thank you and Mom for inspiring and supporting me all these years.